Climate change and global warming have been a major issue for mankind for decades, with countless temperature records being set and extreme weather events. And it seems, this story will continue in the near future.
Specifically, according to a recent report of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), there is a 90% chance that there will be a record hot year in human history in the period 2021 – 2025. This record was originally set in 2016 – the time of El Nino phenomenon, and so far it has not been broken.
In addition, according to the report, there will be a 40% chance that the world’s temperature will exceed the limits set by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in the next five years.
It is known that the Paris Agreement was signed in 2016, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to prevent global temperatures from rising to 2 above pre-industrial levels, and set an increase limit of only 1,5ºC. According to the WMO, climate activists are demanding urgent measures to keep the temperature growth momentum from going too far.
Between 2021 and 2025, regions at high latitudes are more likely to experience heavy rainfall, and more likely to face tropical storms from the Atlantic Ocean than in the past. These metrics are considered to be extremely useful for decision-makers.
“It’s not just numbers,” said WMO.
Secretary General Petteri Taalas said: “Increasing temperatures mean more ice melt, sea level rise, more heat shocks, more extreme phenomena, enormously impacting on food source, health, environment and sustainable development of mankind.”
“This study shows that we are increasingly approaching the milestone set by the Paris Agreement. It is a wake-up call that the world needs to quickly commit to reducing greenhouse gas loads and reaching carbon neutrality,” Taalas added. “Technical tools can now help trace the source of emissions, which means more precise and specific targets.”
2020 is one of the three hottest years on record – according to data from WMO. The global average temperature is already at 1.2ºC compared to the pre-industrial period, showing that the growth rate of important indicators such as sea level, melting ice, extreme climate… is increasing rapidly.
With these facts, the WMO believes that climate negotiations need to be completed quickly, in order to prevent climate change before things get out of control.